#2023. W 41 D 1 GMT +08:00. Indicate #83 days to go in 2023. As learners, we all know that enduring is not the same as forgiving. Especially with the development and progress of society, significant changes have taken place in educational concepts and teaching models compared with the past. The purpose of this paper was to examine leadership practices in effective schools located in economically disadvantaged areas between China, Vietnam, and Indonesia. The research results are of great significance to theoretical innovation and practical application.